The influence of friendships on adolescent’s behavior and health

Eloisa da Fonseca Rodrigues, Giovana Calcagno Gomes, Luciano Garcia Lorenção, Simone Quadros Alvarez, Aline Campelo Pintanel, Juliane Portella Ribeiro


Objective: To identify how adolescents interpret and react to their friendly relationships and what are their repercussions on welfare and health at this life stage. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive approach conducted from June to July 2019. The research setting was a school located in a town in the extreme south of the Rio Grande do Sul State, which is dedicated to offering pre-professional courses to adolescent students in situations of social, economic and environmental vulnerability. Results: This study was attended by 30 adolescents. After analyzing the topics originated in the interviews, we raised the following categories: Healthy friendship relationships that promote affection and empathy; Trust: the need for a safe basis in interactions and dysfunctional friendships: a risk for adolescent’s health. Final Considerations: Interpersonal relationships during adolescence are permeated with singularities and nuances, where individuals are more sensitive to criticism and disapproval by their peers. Negative attitudes of rejection and neglect have the character of greater exposure to behaviors that greatly undermine their healthy development.


Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior; Health; Nursing


Brasil. (2012) Conselho Nacional de Saúde. Resolução nº 466, de 12 de dezembro de 2012. Brasília – DF 2012. Disponível em: index.html.

Carvalho, R. G., et al. (2017). Relations of friendship and self-concept in adolescence: An exploratory study in the school contexto. Estudos de Psicologia. 34(3) I 379-388. doi:

Coutinho, M. P. L., et al. (2016). Relação entre depressão e qualidade de vida de adolescentes no contexto escolar. Psic., Saúde & doenças. (17):3. Lisboa. doi: 16psd1 70303

Eijnden, V. D. R., et al. (2014). The Bidirectional Relationships Between Online Victimization and Psychosocial Problems in Adolescents: A Comparison with Real-Life Victimization. J Youth Adolescence 43, 790–802. doi:

Fadda, D., Scalas, L. F., & Meleddu, M. (2015). Contribution of personal and environmental factors on positive psychological functioning in adolescents. Journal of Adolescence. (43), p. 119–131. doi:

Freitas, M, et al. (2015). Análise factorial confirmatória do modelo do Questionário da Qualidade da Amizade numa amostra de jovens adolescentes Portuguesa. Laboratório de Psicologia, 11(2), 163-175. doi: https://doi. org/10.14417/lp655

García-Vázquez, F. I., et al. (2020). Forgiveness, Gratitude, Happiness, and Prosocial Bystander Behavior in Bullying. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 2827. doi:

Gavin, R., et al. (2015). Associação entre depressão, estresse, ansiedade e uso de álcool entre servidores públicos. SMAD. Revista Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool e Drogas. 11(1), 2-9. doi:

Kornienko, O., & Santos, C. E. (2014). The effects of friendship network popularity on depressive symptoms during early adolescence: Moderation by fear of negative evaluation and gender. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. (43), p. 541– 553. doi:

Lodder, G. M. A, et al. (2016). Adolescent loneliness and social skills: Agreement and discrepancies between self-, meta-, and peer-evaluations. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. (45), 2406–2416. doi:

Minayo, M. C. S. (2012) Análise qualitativa: teoria, passos e fidedignidade. Ciênc. saúde coletiva, 17(3),.621-626. doi: 81232012000300007&script=sci_abstract&tlng=pt.

Minayo, M. C. S. (2017). Amostragem e saturação em pesquisa qualitativa: consensos e controvérsias. Revista Pesquisa Qualitativa. São Paulo, 5(7) p. 01-12.

Reckart, H., et al. (2017). A preliminary study of the origins of early adolescent gratitude differences. Pers. Indiv. Differ. doi:116 44–50. 10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.020.

Rey, L., et al. (2019). Being bullied at school: gratitude as potential protective factor for suicide risk in adolescents. Front. Psychol. doi: 10:662. 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00662.

Veronneau, M. H., Trempe, S. C., & Paiva, A. O. (2014). Risk and protection factors in the peer context: how do other children contribute to the psychosocial adjustment of the adolescent? Ciênc. saúde coletiva. 19(3), 695-705. doi: 81232014193.17972013.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Base de Dados e Indexadores: Base, Diadorim,, DOI Crossref, Dialnet, Scholar Google, Redib, Doaj, Latindex, Portal de Periódicos CAPES

Research, Society and Development - ISSN 2525-3409

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional

Rua Irmã Ivone Drumond, 200 - Distrito Industrial II, Itabira - MG, 35903-087 (Brasil)