The 1960s, a huge leap in Brazil and the first steps in combating illiteracy in Rio Grande

Aliny Dayany Pereira de Medeiros Pranto

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to analyze what made possible the development of initiatives to combat illiteracy in Rio Grande do Norte, with emphasis on the popular education movements promoted during the 1960s. This discussion is not restricted to local factors, but dialogues with the national and international context, reconstructing the scenario of popular education in the RN during the 1960s. For this purpose, we used a bibliographic review process, using classic authors in the history of education, such as Vanilda Paiva and Dermeval Saviani. others who produced works of history and memory about local popular education movements such as Moacyr de Goes and José Willington Germano. In addition to these authors, we review other academic papers that approach the theme of popular education in the RN. We could see that popular education in the RN followed the impulse of the national-developmental, was directly related to the expansion of social movements and the advance of popular governments. In addition, there was also the direct influence of groups linked to the Catholic Church. The combination of these factors enabled the emergence of popular education movements aimed at combating illiteracy. Among various movements, we highlight the activities of the Popular Culture Center (CPC) of the UNE, the Movement for Basic Education (MEB) linked to the Catholic Church, the Recife Popular Movement (MCP), the Paulo Freire 40 pm of Angicos, the Paraíba Popular Education Campaign Foundation (CEPLAR) and the Campaign "De pé no chão também se aprende a ler".


Keywords


History; Memory; Movements of popular education.

References


ARAÚJO, Maria das Graças. Movimentos de educação popular no Rio Grande do Norte e projeto BB-Educar. In: STAMATTO, Maria Inês S. (org.) Recortes: momentos da educação norte-riograndense. Natal: Editora da UFRN, 1996.

CARVALHO, Maria Elizete Guimarães. Memórias da campanha “De pé no chão também se aprende a ler”: 1961-1964 (o testemunho dos participantes). Tese (Doutorado em Educação). UFRN, 2000.

COELHO, Germano. MCP. História do Movimento de Cultura Popular. Recife: Ed. do autor, 2012.

GÓES, Moacyr. De pé no chão também se aprende a ler (1961-1964), uma escola democrática. Natal: Palumbo, 3 ed., 2010.

GOMES, Rodrigo L. R. EDUCAÇÃO POPULAR E CULTURA POPULAR NO BRASIL desenvolvimento capitalista, lutas sociais e “ampliação” do Estado (1945-1964). Tese (Doutorado em Educação). UFF, 2014.

HOBSBAWN, Eric. Era dos extemos: o breve século XX: 1914 – 1991. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2015.

MANACORDA, Mario A. História da educação, da antiguidade aos nossos dias. São Paulo: Editora Cortez, 13ªed, 2010.

MEB. Disponível em: http://www.meb.org.br/home/. Acesso em 10 dez 2017.

PAIVA, Vanilda. História da Educação Popular no Brasil: educação popular e educação de adultos. São Paulo: Edições Loyola, 2015.

SAVIANI, Dermeval. História das ideias pedagógicas no Brasil. São Paulo: Autores Associados, 2013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17648/rsd-v7i9.387

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