Cyniclomyces guttulatus in fecal samples from dogs: simple infection and multiparasitism

Alexsander Ferraz, Bruna dos Santos Pires, Eugênia Tavares Barwaldt, Eduarda Machado dos Santos, Paola Renata Joanol Dallmann, Tanize Augonesi de Castro, Leandro Quintana Nizoli

Abstract


Cyniclomyces guttulatus is a commensal fungus of the digestive tract of rabbits and rodents, but it has also been diagnosed in dogs, being responsible for diarrhea, and it may also be present in healthy dogs. The aim of this study was to detect the presence of this agent in dog feces and also to observe if there was association with other parasites. To perform this work, 150 environmental fecal samples were collected, present on the shores of Pelotas, RS. The techniques used for processing the material were Faust (1938), Willis-Molay (1921) and Hoffman, Pons and Janer (1934). Among the samples tested, 15 were positive for C. guttulatus (10%), 4 with contamination by this agent alone and 11 with association with other parasites, representing 26.7% and 73.3% respectively. From the results found, it is concluded that C. gutulattus is often found in animals affected by another genus of parasite, showing its opportunistic character, however it can also be found in healthy animals.


Keywords


Fungus; Parasites; Diagnosis.

References


Boundy-Mills, K.; Miller, M.W. 2011. Cyniclomyces van der Walt & D.b. Scott (1971). In: KURTZMAN, C.P.; FEL, J.W.; BOEKHOUT, T. The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study. San Diego: Elsevier, p.357-360.

Duijvestijn, M.; Mughini-Gras, L.; Schuurman, N.; Schijf, W., Wagenaar, J. A.; Egberink, H. 2016. Enteropathogen infections in canine puppies: (Co-)occurrence, clinical relevance and risk factors. Veterinary Microbiology, 195(15): 115-122.

Ettinger, S.J.; Feldman, E.C. 2004. Tratado de Medicina Interna Veterinária: Doenças do cão e do gato. 5ª ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan.

Feitosa, F.L.F. 2008. Semiologia Veterinária: a arte do diagnóstico. 2.ed., São Paulo: Editora Roca.

Flausino, G.; Leal, P.D.S.; Mcintosh, D.; Amaral, L.G.; Teixeira Filho, W.L.; Flausino, W.; Lopes, C.W.G. 2012. Isolation and Characterization of Cyniclomyces guttulatus (Robin) Van Der Walt and Scott, 1971 in Dogs in Brazil. Current Microbiology, 65(5): 542–546.

Furtado, T.T.; Flausino, G.; Leal P.D.S.; Ferreira J.P.; Mcintosh D.; Flausino W.; Teixeira Filho W.L.; Paes-de-Almeida E.C.; Lopes, C.W.G. 2013. Diagnóstico de Colangite Associado à Mucocele da Vesícula Biliar por Cyniclomyces guttulatus em Cães - Relato De Casos. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 35(1): 1-6.

Gjerde, B.; Holtet, L.; Sanden, S.; Dahlgren, S.S. 2009. Cyniclomyces guttulatus-lignende sopp som mulig ärsak til gastroenteritt hos hund - en kasusbeskrivelse. Norsk Veterinaer Tidsskrift, 121: 507-510.

Hersey-Benner, C. 2008. Diarrhea in a rabbit. Cyniclomyces guttulatus yeast. Laboratory Animal (NY), 37(8): 347-349.

Houwers, D. J.; Blankenstein, B. 2001. Cyniclomyces guttulatus and diarrhea in dogs. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde, 126(14-15): 502.

Kluthcovsky, L.C.; Sgarbossa, R.S.A.S.; Bevilacqua, L.; Fam, A.L.P.D.; Nogueira, F.R. 2017. Infecção por Cyniclomyces guttulatus em um cão com alterações gastrointestinais: Relato de caso. 38º Congresso Brasileiro da Anclivepa.

Leal, P. D. S.; Coelho, C. D.; Flausino, G. 2013. Diagnóstico de infecções concomitantes por Cystoisospora canis (Nemeséri, 1959) e Cyniclomyces gutullatus (Robin, 1853): Relato de caso. Coccidia, 1(2): 44-48.

Mandigers, P.J.; Duijvestijn, M.B.; Ankringa, N.; Maes, S.; Van Essen, E.; Schoormans, A.H.; German, A.J.; Houwers, D.J. 2014. The Clinical Significance of Cyniclomyces guttulatus in Dogs with Chronic Diarrhea, a Survey and a Prospective Treatment Study. Veterinary Microbiology, 172(1-2): 241-247.

Peeters, J. E.; Pohl, P.; Charlier, G. 1984. Infectious agents associated with diarrhea in commercial rabbits: a field study. Annales de Recherches Veterinaires, 15: 335–340.

Peters, S.; Houwers, D.J. 2009. A cat with diarrhoea associated with the massive presence of Cyniclomyces guttulatus in the faeces. Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde, 134(5):198-199.

Raskin, R.E.; Meyer, D.J. 2011. Citologia Clínica de Cães e Gatos: Atlas colorido e guia de interpretação. 2ª ed., Rio de Janeiro: Editora Elsevier.

Sherding, R.; Johnson, S. 2008. Doenças Intestinais. In: BICHARD, S.J. Manual Sauders de clínica de pequenos animais. 3ª ed., São Paulo: Editora Roca.

Winston, J. A.; Piperisova, I.; Neel, J.; Gookin, J.L. 2016. Cyniclomyces guttulatus Infection in Dogs: 19 Cases (2006–2013). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 52(1): 42-51.

Zierdt, C. H.; Detlefson, C.; Muller, J.; Waggy, K.S. 1988. Cyniclomyces guttulatus (Sacchacomycopsis guttulata) – Culture, ultrastructure and physiology. Antonie van Leeuwnhoek, 54(4): 357-366.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i4.2920

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Base de Dados e Indexadores: Base, Diadorim, Sumarios.org, DOI Crossref, Dialnet, Scholar Google, Redib, Doaj, Latindex, Redalyc, Portal de Periódicos CAPES

Research, Society and Development - ISSN 2525-3409

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional

Rua Irmã Ivone Drumond, 200 - Distrito Industrial II, Itabira - MG, 35903-087 (Brasil) 
E-mail: rsd.articles@gmail.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Research-Society-and-Development-563420457493356