Magnesium supplementation on the performance of healthy athletes: a systematic review

Stéfany Rodrigues de Sousa Melo, Loanne Rocha dos Santos, Thamara Martins Silva, Bruna Emanuele Pereira Cardoso, Diana Stefany Cardoso de Araújo, Thayanne Gabryelle Visgueira de Sousa, Mickael de Paiva Sousa, Juliana Soares Severo, Dilina do Nascimento Marreiro

Abstract


This review aimed to evaluate the effect of magnesium supplementation on performance parameters in athletes. The bibliographic survey was performed in the Pubmed, Cochrane and Science Direct databases, using the keywords “magnesium”, “supplementation”, “performance” and “exercise”. Clinical trials conducted were found to supplement magnesium between 10 and 900 mg / day. The duration of interventions ranged from one week to 12 weeks. To evaluate performance and performance were determined: lactate level, DNA damage, adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion, cortisol and testosterone, as well as measuring strength, isometry, distance traveled, time and blood pressure. The relationship between magnesium and performance in particular is still poorly studied due to inconsistent scientific data recommending an adequate dose according to sport, however, evidence suggests that magnesium may improve performance parameters, but should Keep in mind that magnesium supplementation should be tailored to the individual's daily dietary intake.


Keywords


Magnesium; Supplementation; Performance; Exercise.

References


Bogdanis, G. C., Stavrinou, P., Fatouros, I. G., Philippou, A., Chatzinikolaou, A., Draganidis, D., ... & Maridaki, M. (2013). Short-term high-intensity interval exercise training attenuates oxidative stress responses and improves antioxidant status in healthy humans. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 61, 171-177.

Cinar, V., Mogulkoc, R., Baltaci, A. K., & Polat, Y. (2008). Adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels in athletes and sedentary subjects at rest and exhaustion: effects of magnesium supplementation. Biological trace element research, 121(3), 215-220.

Cinar, V., Mogulkoc, R., Baltaci, A. K., & Polat, Y. (2008). Adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels in athletes and sedentary subjects at rest and exhaustion: effects of magnesium supplementation. Biological trace element research, 121(3), 215-220.

Cinar, V., Nizamlioglu, M., Mogulkoc, R., & Baltaci, A. K. (2007). Effects of magnesium supplementation on blood parameters of athletes at rest and after exercise. Biological trace element research, 115(3), 205-212a.

Cinar, V., Mogulkoc, R., Baltaci, A. K., & Nizamlioglu, M. (2007). Effect of magnesium supplementation on some plasma elements in athletes at rest and exhaustion. Biological trace element research, 119(2), 97-102b.

Cinar, V., Polat, Y., Baltaci, A. K., & Mogulkoc, R. (2011). Effects of magnesium supplementation on testosterone levels of athletes and sedentary subjects at rest and after exhaustion. Biological trace element research, 140(1), 18-23.

Chang, J. Y., Carollo, K. D., Lin, S. C., Wu, Y. Y., & Tzou, D. L. M. (2016). NMR investigation of magnesium chelation and cation-induced signal shift effect of testosterone. Steroids, 115, 18-25.

Dmitrašinović, G., Pešić, V., Stanić, D., Plećaš-Solarović, B., Dajak, M., & Ignjatović, S. (2016). ACTH, cortisol and IL-6 Levels in athletes following magnesium supplementation. Journal of medical biochemistry, 35(4), 375-384.

Dominguez, LJ, Barbagallo, M., Lauretani, F., Bandinelli, S., Bos, A., Corsi, AM, ... & Ferrucci, L. (2006). Magnésio e desempenho muscular em idosos: o estudo InCHIANTI–. O jornal americano de nutrição clínica, 84 (2), 419-426.

Hackman, R. M., Oman, R. F., & Brown, R. L. (1995). Cellular bioenergetics, work performance, body composition and psychological indices among women in a diet-exercise program. Nutrition Research, 15(4), 455-465.

Hüttermann, S., & Memmert, D. (2014). Does the inverted-U function disappear in expert athletes? An analysis of the attentional behavior under physical exercise of athletes and non-athletes. Physiology & behavior, 131, 87-92.

Kass, L. S., & Poeira, F. (2015). The effect of acute vs chronic magnesium supplementation on exercise and recovery on resistance exercise, blood pressure and total peripheral resistance on normotensive adults. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 12(1), 19.

Kass, L. S., Skinner, P., & Poeira, F. (2013). A pilot study on the effects of magnesium supplementation with high and low habitual dietary magnesium intake on resting and recovery from aerobic and resistance exercise and systolic blood pressure. Journal of sports science & medicine, 12(1), 144.

Matias, C. N., Santos, D. A., Monteiro, C. P., Silva, A. M., de Fátima Raposo, M., Martins, F., ... & Laires, M. J. (2010). Magnesium and strength in elite judo athletes according to intracellular water changes. Magnesium research, 23(3), 138-141.

Nielsen, F. H., & Lukaski, H. C. (2006). Update on the relationship between magnesium and exercise. Magnesium research, 19(3), 180-189.

Parker, L., McGuckin, T. A., & Leicht, A. S. (2014). Influence of exercise intensity on systemic oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity. Clinical physiology and functional imaging, 34(5), 377-383.

Pereira, A.S. et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM. Disponível em: https://repositorio.ufsm.br/bitstream/handle/1/15824/Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica.pdf?sequence=1. Acesso em: 15 out. 2019.

Petry, É. R., Alvarenga, M. L., Cruzat, V. F., & Toledo, J. O. T. (2013). Suplementações nutricionais e estresse oxidativo: implicações na atividade física e no esporte. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte, 35(4), 1071-1092.

Petrović, J., Stanić, D., Dmitrašinović, G., Plećaš-Solarović, B., Ignjatović, S., Batinić, B., ... & Pešić, V. (2016). Magnesium supplementation diminishes peripheral blood lymphocyte DNA oxidative damage in athletes and sedentary young man. Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2016.

Peveler, W. W., & Palmer, T. G. (2012). Effect of magnesium lactate dihydrate and calcium lactate monohydrate on 20-km cycling time trial performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(4), 1149-1153.

Rylander, R., Remer, T., Berkemeyer, S., & Vormann, J. (2006). Acid-base status affects renal magnesium losses in healthy, elderly persons. The Journal of nutrition, 136(9), 2374-2377.

Setaro, L., Santos-Silva, P. R., Nakano, E. Y., Sales, C. H., Nunes, N., Greve, J. M., & Colli, C. (2014). Magnesium status and the physical performance of volleyball players: effects of magnesium supplementation. Journal of sports sciences, 32(5), 438-445.

Soria, M., González-Haro, C., Ansón, M. A., Iñigo, C., Calvo, M. L., & Escanero, J. F. (2014). Variations in serum magnesium and hormonal levels during incremental exercise. Magnesium research, 27(4), 155-164.

Soria, M., González-Haro, C., López-Colón, J. L., Llorente, M. T., & Escanero, J. F. (2011). Submaximal exercise intensities do not provoke variations in plasma magnesium concentration in well-trained euhydrated endurance athletes with no magnesium deficiency. Magnesium research, 24(2), 36-44.

Ugras, A. F. (2013). Effect of high intensity interval training on elite athletes’ antioxidant status. Science & Sports, 28(5), 253-259.

Veronese, N., Berton, L., Carraro, S., Bolzetta, F., De Rui, M., Perissinotto, E., ... & Coin, A. (2014). Effect of oral magnesium supplementation on physical performance in healthy elderly women involved in a weekly exercise program: a randomized controlled trial. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 100(3), 974-981.

Volpe, SL (2015). Magnésio e o atleta. Relatórios atuais de medicina esportiva, 14 (4), 279-283.

Xi, Q., Hoenderop, J. G., & Bindels, R. J. (2009). Regulation of magnesium reabsorption in DCT. Pflügers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology, 458(1), 89-98.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1754

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Base de Dados e Indexadores: Base, Diadorim, Sumarios.org, DOI Crossref, Dialnet, Scholar Google, Redib, Doaj, Latindex, Portal de Periódicos CAPES

Research, Society and Development - ISSN 2525-3409

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional

Rua Irmã Ivone Drumond, 200 - Distrito Industrial II, Itabira - MG, 35903-087 (Brasil) 
E-mail: rsd.articles@gmail.com