Empowering women farmers through livelihood strengthening model in eastern Nigeria

Chigozie Azunna


Improvement in livelihood capitals of vulnerable women farmers has been a concern in the developing countries. Governments around the world particularly in the developing countries try various policies and models to enhance the productivity of these vulnerable women farmers, they do this to protect them against shocks and loses considering that rural food production contribute significantly to national food security. Such is the case in Nigeria, where Adopted Village Model (AVM) was initiated in 2009. The objective of the study includes but not limited to protect, improve and sustain food production in Nigeria through capacitating the rural women rice farmers. AVM was initiated and women farmers where provided information, farm equipment, training, seedlings and subsidized fertilizers. Structured questionnaires and interviews were the basic instruments applied in the data collection. The methodology was guided by sustainable livelihood framework theories. Structured questionnaire was used to extract desired information from the women farmers. The data was analysed with spss version 25, interpreted and presented for public consumption. The study found that AVM was introduced to the women farmers at the right time when yield and livelihood capitals of the rice women farmers where very low.

Keywords: Livelihood; Rice; Women farmers; Model; Agriculture


Livelihood; Rice; Women farmers; Model; Agriculture

Full Text:



Abara, I. O. C., & S. Singh. (1993). “Ethics and Biases in Technology Adoption: The Small Farm Argument.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 43:289-300.

Abia State Government (ABSG). (2013). Abia State profile. Retrieved from http://www.abiastate.gov.ng/state-profile/history-of-abia-state on the 27th of April, 2014.

Adesope, O. M, Anyanwu, S.O., & Ibekwe, U.C. (2010). “Agriculture Share of the Gross Domestic Product and its Implications for Rural Development” Report and Opinion 2 (8): 26-31.

Akinola, M. O., Ene, M. O., & Baiyegunhi, L. J. S. (2013). The Adopted Village Project and Farm Income of Beneficiary Households in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Stud Tribes Tribals, 11(2): 121-126 (2013).

Baributsa, D., Abdoulaye, T., Lowenberg-DeBoer, J., Dabiré, C., Moussa, B., Coulibaly, O., & Baoua, I. (2014). Market building for post-harvest technology through large-scale extension efforts. Journal of Stored Products Research 58 (2014) 59-66.

Chigozie, A. (2018). Post-colonial agricultural participation in livelihood strengthening. Research, Society and Development, v. 7, n. 2, p. 01-13, e772144, 2018.

Ephraim N., Dayo., Tewodaj., John., Muhammad., & Gbenga, T. E. (2013). From the Group Up: Impacts of a Pro-Poor Community Driven Development Project in Nigeria. World Bank Group. Vol. 81324.

Eze, C. I., Onwuka, O. W., & Nwachukwu, I. N. (2008). Correlates of inorganic fertilizer consumption Among Smallholder Women farmers In Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) Vol. 8, No.1, 2008

Ezeh, C.I. (2006). Socio – economic Determinants of Output and Profit Levels ofSmallholder Rice Production Systems in Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Agriculture. 3(3) 44 – 50

FAO. (2013). Analysis of incentives and disincentives for rice in Nigeria. Monitoring African Food and Agricultural policies.

FAO. (2006). Rice Market Monitor. 9(3): 3-13

IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development). (1992). The State of the World Rural Poverty. An Enquiry into Causes and Consequences. New York University press.

Jalaludeen, M. (2012). Using ERDAS imagine model to determine suitable inland valleys for rice cultivation at selected sites in Brong Ahafo and Western regions of Ghana. MSc Thesis submitted to the department of agricultural engineering, kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of masters of science in soil and water engineering Department of Agricultural Engineering.

Kenneth, F. G., Mutabazi, K., & Rwehumbiza, F. (2006). Determinants of Farm-level Adoption of Water Systems Innovations in Dryland Areas: The Case of Makanya Watershed in Pangani River Basin, Tanzania. Researchgate. Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/228837881 on 16 June 2018.

Michelle, A., & Dick, R.M. (2002). Assessing the impact of agricultural research on poverty using the sustainable livelihoods framework. IFPRI. FCND Discussion Paper 128.

National Bureau of Statistics, NBS. (2019). Nigeria Population. Retrieved from https://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/ on 13.08.2019

Nwagbo, E.C. & Achoja, F.O. (2001) “Correlates of Sustainable Fertilizer Consumption Among Smallholder Women farmers: An Econometric Approach”. A paper presented at the Annual conference of Nigeria Association of Agricultural Economists at the University of Nigeria Nsukka 11 – 13th June.

Nwankwo, U. M.,Peters, K. J., & Bokelmann. W. (2009). Can Cooperative Membership and Participation Affect Adoption Decisions? Issues for Sustainable Biotechnology Dissemination. AgBioForum, 12(3&4): 437-451.

Nwaru J. C, Essien U. A, & Onuoha R.E., (2011). Determinants of Informal Credit Demand and Supply among Food Crop Women farmers in Akwa Ibom State. Nigeria Journal of Rural and Community Development, 6, 1; 129–139.

Nwite, J. C., Igwe, C.A & Wakatsuki, T. (2008). Evaluation of Sawah Rice Management Systems in Inland Valley in South-Eastern Nigeria. Soil Chemical Properties and Yield. Paddy Water Environ. 6(3): 299-307.

Ogunsumi, L. O. (2013). WAAPP/ARCN/IAR&T Success Stories. Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ibadan.

Oji, K.O. (1999). “Trends in Agricultural Intensification Under population Pressure among Smallholder Women farmers in Imo and Abia States of South – eastern Nigeria” Ph.D Thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics. U.N.N.

Olajide, O. T.; Akinlabi, B. H. & Tijani, A. A. (2012). Agriculture Resource and Economic Growth in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal. Vol. 8, No 22.

Onuoha, C. (2006). “ Financial Analysis of Small – Scale Okra Production in Ebonyi State,

Nigeria”. M.Sc Dissertation. Department of Agriculture, Abia State University Uturu.

Onwuka, O.W. (2005). “Socio – economic Determinants of Inorganic Fertilizer Consumption

Among Smallholder Women farmers in Abia State, Nigeria”. M.Sc Dissertation. Dept. of

Agriculture, Abia State University Uturu.

Paswel, P. M. & Christopher, B. (2007). Household-level determinants of adoption of improved natural resources management practices among smallholder women farmers in western Kenya. Food Policy. Vol 32 (2007) 515–536.

Rakodi, C. (1999). A Capital Assets Framework for Analysing Household Livelihood Strategies: Implications for Policy. Development Policy Review Vol. 17 (1999), 315–342.

UNDP (United National Development Program). (2004). Gender and Energy for Sustainable Development: A Toolkit and Resources Guide.

Put space between one reference and another. Remember we use APA.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1503


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Base de Dados e Indexadores: Base, Diadorim, Sumarios.org, DOI Crossref, Dialnet, Scholar Google, Redib, Doaj, Latindex, Redalyc, Portal de Periódicos CAPES

Research, Society and Development - ISSN 2525-3409

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional

Rua Irmã Ivone Drumond, 200 - Distrito Industrial II, Itabira - MG, 35903-087 (Brasil) 
E-mail: rsd.articles@gmail.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Research-Society-and-Development-563420457493356