The Effect of Learning Model and Task Assessment Regarding Student Learning Outcomes of Science by Controlling Student Prior Knowledge

Supit Pusung

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of learning model and task assessment regarding achievement of science by controlling student prior knowledge.This research is experimental which have factorial design 2 x 2. Samples for this research are students who had contracted basic concepts of science. The sample taken by Simple Random Sampling. Afterward, the results showed that: (1) science learning outcomes of student which have been taught using Jigsaw cooperative models are higher than those taught using STAD cooperative model by controlling student prior knowledge, (2) science learning outcomes of students who are assessed using structured assessment are higher than those assessed using portfolio asssessment by controlling student prior knowledge, (3) there is an interaction effect between learning model and the task assessment on achievement of students in learning science by controlling student prior knowledge, (4) science  achievement of students who have been taught using Jigsaw model are higher compared to those taught using STAD models for the group of students with assess using structured assessment by controlling student prior knowledge, (5) science  achievement of students who have been assessed using structured assessment are lower compared to those who assessed using portfolio assessment for the group of students with taught using STAD model by controlling student prior knowledge. Thus, the linier effect of prior knowledge on student learning outcomes of science does not have significant difference between four groups of students formed by learning model and intelligence..


Keywords


Learning Model, task assessment, science learning outcomes of students, student prior knowledge.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adiwarsito, “Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Jigsaw”, https://adiwarsito.wordpress.com/2010/11/12/model-pembelajaran-kooperatif-jigsaw/ (accessed on October 9th, 2015).

Al-Tabany, T. I. B. (2014). Mendesain Model Pembelajaran Inovatif, Progresif, dan Kontekstual. Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group.

Azlina, N. (2010). Analisis Penerapan Metode Tugas Terstruktur pada Mata Kuliah Pengantar Akuntansi II (Studi Kasus pada Mahasiswa S1 Fekon Unri). PEKBIS (Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi Dan Bisnis), 2(02).

Haryono. (2013). Pembelajaran IPA yang Menarik dan Mengasyikkan: Teori dan Aplikasi PAIKEM, Yogyakarta: Kepel Press.

Jihad, A., & Haris, A. (2012). Evaluasi Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Multi Presindo.

Kholil, M., “Tugas Terstruktur”, http:://zaifbio.wordpress.com/2011/11/24/tugas-terstruktur/ (accessed on October 8th, 2015).

Majid, A. (2014). Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 Kajian Teoritis dan Praktis. Bandung: Interes.

Mudjiono & Dimyati, M. (2009). Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Mulyasa, E., (2005). Implementasi Kurikulum 2004. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Mulyati, Sri Anita, dan Sunardi, Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe STAD dan Tipe Jigsaw Terhadap Prestasi Belajar Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Ditinjau dari Motivasi Siswa, Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, Vol. I No. 3.

Oka, D. N. (2013). Implementasi Strategi Pembelajaran Jigsaw dan Peningkatan Pemahaman Pencegahan Demam Berdarah Dengue. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 18(2).

Rahmatan, H. dan Liliasari, Pengetahuan Awal Calon Guru Biologi Tentang Konsep Katabolisme Karbohidrat (Respirasi Seluler), Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, JPII. I. 2012.

Rusman. (2010). Model-Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo.

Sanova, A. (2013). Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Jigsaw dan Student Team Achievement Divisions (Stad) Ditinjau dari Kecerdasan Interpersonal Siswa. Jurnal Penelitian Universitas Jambi: Seri Humaniora, 15(2).

Santrock, J. W. (2014). Psikologi Pendidikan Edisi kelima Buku kedua. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Slavin, E. R. (2010). Pembelajaran Kooperatif: Teori, riset dan Praktek. Bandung: Nusa Media.

Sudjana, Nana. (2014). Dasar-dasar Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo.

Suganda, T. (2012). Memahami Hakikat Dari Pemberian Tugas Terstruktur Perkuliahan, http://blogs.unpad.ac.id/tarkussuganda/files/2012/08/memahami-Hakikat-dari-Pemberian-Tugas-Terstruktur-Perkuliahan.pdf (accessed on November 24th, 2015).

Armanto, S., Armanto, D., & Harahap, M. B. (2014). Perbedaan Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Jigsaw dan STAD Ditinjau dari Kemampuan Penalaran dan Komunikasi Matematis Siswa SMA. Jurnal Didaktik Matematika, 1(1).

Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Administrasi Dilengkapi Metode R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sukanti, S. (2010). PEMANFAATAN PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR AKUNTANSI. Jurnal Pendidikan Akuntansi Indonesia, 8(2).

Sutikno, S. (2014). Metode dan Model-model Pembelajaran. Lombok: Holistica.

Uno, H. B., & Mohamad, N. (2011). Belajar dengan pendekatan PAILKEM. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Wakhinuddin, S. (2009). ” Pengertian Portofolio”, http://wakhinuddin.wordpress.com/2009/07/23/ portofolio/ (accessed on October 10th, 2015).

Wartika, I. K., Candiasa, I. M., Kom, M. I., & Suarni, N. K. (2014). Pengaruh Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Stad Berbasis Asesmen Kinerja terhadap Hasil Belajar Fisika Ditinjau dari Sikap Ilmiah (Studi Eksperimen pada Siswa Kelas XI IPA SMA Negeri 1 Kuta). Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi pendidikan Indonesia, 4.

Wena, M. (2011). Strategi Pembelajaran Inovatif Kontemporer Suatu Tinjauan Konseptual Operasional. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Zainal, A. (2013). Model-model, media, dan strategi pembelajaran kontekstual (inovatif). Bandung: Yrama Widya.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v8i9.1290

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Base de Dados e Indexadores: Base, Diadorim, Sumarios.org, DOI Crossref, Dialnet, Scholar Google, Redib, Doaj, Latindex, Redalyc, Portal de Periódicos CAPES

Research, Society and Development - ISSN 2525-3409

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional

Rua Irmã Ivone Drumond, 200 - Distrito Industrial II, Itabira - MG, 35903-087 (Brasil) 
E-mail: rsd.articles@gmail.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Research-Society-and-Development-563420457493356